Spontaneous symmetry breaking and Goldstone bosons

Particle Physics 2: Standard Model (Winter, 2010)

February 22, 2010

In this lecture Professor Susskind shows how spontaneous symmetry breaking in a field theory can lead to the creation of Goldstone bosons like the photon and gluons.

  • Spontaneous symmetry breaking
  • Local variation of gauge invariance - Goldstone bosons
  • Covariant derivative